In restaurants and wine bars after someone orders a whole bottle of wine a fair amount of pomp and circumstance follows. If by first hand or from a nearby table you have ever been privy to this show, when well done it makes for quite a tantalizing prelude to enjoying a wine.
For the second step of the process the waiter opens the bottle, removes the cork from their wine key, and presents it to whomever ordered said bottle. This actually allows the guest to confirm that the labelling on the cork matches the label on the bottle—which should all line up with the taste of the wine.
Be it a gaggle of dastardly servers thirsty for high end wine on the cheap, or a high end criminal meticulously crafting a false label, there are multiple ways of counterfeiting wine.
For the easiest method one simply opens a bottle of nice wine, drinks it, then refills it with swill & jams the cork back into the bottle. More impressively, dark artists will remove the label of a cheap wine before fastidiously duplicating and applying the label of an expensive wine.
To the astute and experienced wine consumer inspecting the printing on the cork along with sampling the wine guards against paying for counterfeit wine.
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